Nerdview or being stuck in our worldview

by | Monday, October 27, 2008

I recently received a note from a graduate student as an unnamed university. This student wrote to me after having assigned the TPACK handbook chapter (co-authored with Matt Koehler) to a bunch of pre-service teachers, and suggested that the chapter was hard to read, appearing to have been written for academics rather than undergraduate students. I wrote back, indicating no surprise at this finding, particularly since this chapter had been written for academics. I added that I would not be comfortable inflicting that chapter on my undergraduate (or even master’s level) students. In contrast I would use the keynote address that Matt and I had made for SITE 2008, which was far more accessible without undervaluing any of the substantive ideas were were interested in communicating.

It seemed to me that this student’s experience highlighted for me a more general phenomena – of seeing the world through one set of lenses and being oblivious to others – that I have seen very often and have thought about a great deal. For one reason or another, however, I had never really found an appropriate label for. But now I do…

Before I reveal the label, here’s a brief digression about world-views. Trust me, it will all come together at the end.

One of my favorite quotations about the limits of our knowledge, is by the the physicist Victor Weisskopf. As he said, “A worldview sees everything except itself.” This means not just that world-views cannot be “self aware” but that a world-view in some very fundamental way defines what constitutes “everything.” A world-view defines the ontology and the basic causal devices (and maybe even methodologies) which are articulated within this defined world.

Philosophers have argued that our knowledge of the world does not exist in a vacuum. All that we know functions within larger, global frames. In the area of research these frames have been called paradigms (Kuhn), research traditions (Laudan) or programs (Lakatos). These frameworks “inspire, engender, frame, and constrain specific theories that constitute, articulate, or instantiate the more global theoretical issues.” What is interesting about these frameworks is that they define what exists within a domain and what does not. So to a rationalist paranormal phenomena do not exist by definition. Any paranormal phenomena begs a rational, materialistic explanation.

This may be a rather deep philosophical point but at a more local level it indicates that too often, as experts in a given field, we see the world completely and totally through our disciplinary lenses.

This “disciplinary world-view” permeates the language we use, the questions we think are valuable and worth pursuing, and most importantly way we think about phenomena and describe it to others. This leads to an kind of narrow-mindedness that often gets in the way of communication with others, who may not be privy to our way of thinking, or have a different way of looking at the world.

I am not arguing for some kind of relativity here. Not at all. I am not arguing that one world-view is the same as the other, but rather that unless we learn to connect across views there is no hope for communication.

Serendipitously enough, I came across a couple of articles by Geoffery Pulum on the blog Language Log, just this morning, that brought back this issue in my mind. And Geoffery even has a cool, evocative and catchy label for this phenomena of experts forgetting how others may view similar phenomena. He calls it Nerdview! Now isn’t that a cool label.

Here are two posts from his blog where he makes his point. Check out: Nerdview and Mixed cardboard only: a subtle case of nerdview and Per bus per journey.

I have often argued that as educators and designers we need to be able to step out of our personal or disciplinary boxes. Unless and until we realize that our world-view need not mesh with those of the world around me, there is no hope of communication, or education or good design. As Geoffery says, “It’s not about the grammar; it’s about theory of mind. It’s about being able to see the world through other people’s eyes,” and that, I argue, is an essential skill all educators and designers need to develop, and this is why I had not been surprised by the undergraduate students’ response to our chapter. In fact what was surprising was the fact that it had been handed to them in the first place.

A few randomly selected blog posts…

Reading Obama, and getting it right!

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A visit to Israel

A visit to Israel

I just got back from a trip to Israel. I was invited by the MEITAL 2019 conference and the Kibbutzim College of Education, Technology and the Arts. MEITAL is an organization of higher education institutions in Israel focusing on understanding and responding to local...

Multiple representations of the periodic table and learning

Mishra & Yadav (2006) was a paper based around my dissertation research. It took a while to get published and I am including it here for the record. My dissertation (Mishra, 1998) was maybe the first place where I made a specific mention of the triad of...

TPACK Newsletter #21: September 2014

TPACK Newsletter, Issue #21 (September, 2014) Welcome to the twenty-first edition of the (approximately bimonthly) TPACK Newsletter! TPACK work is continuing worldwide. This document contains recent updates to that work that we hope will be interesting and useful to...

Artificial Intelligence, Math / Truth & other ambigrams

Artificial Intelligence, Math / Truth & other ambigrams

Lovers of mathematics relish challenges, enjoying the manipulation of numbers and geometrical figures, seeking and creating patterns. Their fascination sometimes extends into language and other seemingly unrelated domains. An intriguing example of visual wordplay,...

TPACK Newsletters (#28, #29 & 30)

TPACK Newsletters (#28, #29 & 30)

In the rush of summer and the move to Arizona I missed posting #28 and #29 of the TPACK newsletter, and before I knew it, #30  was here as well. Well here are links to the PDFs of all three newsletters Newsletter 28: May 2016 (pdf)Newsletter 29: July 2016...

Seeing patterns with eyes closed

Oliver Sacks has a fascinating piece in today's NYTimes (titled Patterns, as a part of his NYTimes blog, Migranes, perspective on a headache). Oliver Sacks describes the visual auras he has suffered through his life as follows: tiny branching lines, like twigs, or...

Corona virus: Silver lining? For learning?

Corona virus: Silver lining? For learning?

A week or so ago, Yong Zhao reached out to Chris Dede, Curt Bonk, Scott McLeod and me with the question: What would happen to our global and local educational systems, if the Corona virus outbreak lasted for a year? We met a week ago (via zoom, what else) to discuss...

Cellphone in classrooms: The Saline story

From the Saline Schools, right here in Michigan, comes a video about how teachers and students are using cellphone in the classroom to enhance teaching and learning. Check it out h/t Superintendent Scot Graden's Blog


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